Herwig Friesinger was born in 1942 in Klosterneuburg. After his studies at the University of Vienna he first worked as an assistant at the Institute for Prehistory and Early Mediaeval History and after his postdoctoral lecture qualification (Habilitation) he received a professor-ship in 1978. From 1978–1992 he was head of the Institute for Prehistory and Early Mediaeval History, University of Vienna and from 1992 Dean of the Faculty of Humanities at the University of Vienna. His most important works include projects in Austria as well as abroad, such as the Stone Age settlement on the Carribean Islands of St. Lucia, Barbados and St. Vincent since 1983 or the systematic exploration of the prehistoric and early mediaeval settlements in the areahe became a member of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, in 1994 the Czech Academy of Sciences and from 2003 to 2009 he was acting as General Secretary of the Austrian Academy of Sciences. He set his main scientific focus on the Prehistory of Austria and the Early Mediaeval History of Europe where he established research networks for landscape archaeology. He developed and promoted different prospection methods as well as the integration of natural sciences into daily archaeological work for the preservation of cultural heritage. He initiated the development and the permanent installation of systematic aerial prospection within Austria and founded the department of restoration at the Institute for Prehistory and Early Mediaeval History. His initiative formed the basis for the development and institutionalization of Archaeological Prospection in Austria.