The archaeological landscape of Roman Carnuntum is located 45 km east of Vienna and will serve for testing methods of analysis for AHS (WP1.2.4). The landscape of Carnuntum is characterised by the river Danube and its accompanying slightly undulating gravel terraces. The northern border of the ancient city of Carnuntum is defined by a 30-45 m deep cliff towards the river Danube. As the Roman capital of the province Pannonia superior, Carnuntum was an important town during the first four centuries of the first millennium AD.
The Kreuttal is a valley used obviously since the Neolithic connecting the "Bay of Korneuburg" and the "Viennese Basin". Breaking through a mainly wooded N-S mountain ridge in the E-W direction it formed a natural and easy to pass connection of the two regions. At both sides of the mountain ridge between Kleinrötz and Grossrussbach numerous prehistoric sites (settlements, cemeteries, hill-forts, monumental ring ditches) from the Early Neolithic up to the Late Iron Age are known by prospection and excavation.
Two areas located in eastern Austria have been chosen for the evaluation of repeated ALS. They are situated close to the Hungarian border within the Leitha-mountain-range ("Leithagebirge"): a preserved horst of the original arch of the Alps/Carpathian mountain ranges. It consists of an original core of mica-schist and coarse-grained gneiss and a covering of limestone, originating from the late Tertiary period (so-called "Leithakalk"). It is covered with oak/beech mixed woodland.
Zillingdorf is situated east of the airfield of Wiener Neustadt in the vicinity of the Leitha river. During the last years, the total area could be systematically mapped from hundreds of aerial photographs, which had been made during the last 50 years. South of Zillingdorf a group of systematically erected Roman Villas could be located by aerial archaeology. Beside these buildings there is evidence for various additional features from prehistoric periods.